The long-term journey of the North Ossetian State Medical Academy began on July 10, 1939, when a medical institute was opened in Ordzhonikidze by the decree of the Council of People’s Commissars of the USSR.
The creation of a medical university was an important milestone in the history of culture, education and science of North Ossetia. With his organization, the main task of training doctors was solved, which not only North Ossetia, but also other republics of the North Caucasus really needed. With the opening of the North Ossetian State Medical Institute, great opportunities have appeared for the development of medical science, clinical medicine and the introduction of new treatment methods in practice, and for counseling the population.
The old mansion along Butyrina Street was the first educational building with which the institute began its life. Theoretical departments were placed here in a short time, and on September 1, 1939, the first 100 students of the medical faculty began their studies. In 1940, the North Ossetian State Medical Institute received a new registration on the street. Pushkinskaya, 40, his material base also improved, and biomedical departments were organized.
The first steps of the institute are connected with the names of great enthusiasts in their field: S.S. Khanaev – the first rector, professors N.I. Odnoralova, A.N. Gennadiev A.G. Chekhovsky, V.E. Robinson, N.I. Mikhailots, associate professors N.M. Zangiev, K.K. Popova, O.B.Sobieva. N.S. Gurtsieva.
The formation of the university was complicated by the Great Patriotic War. However, in wartime conditions, the institute not only did not reduce the volume of training sessions, but also organized the departments of the third and fifth courses. In 1942, the institute survived the evacuation to Yerevan, where it continued to work at the Yerevan Medical Institute. Here the first scientific conference of the North Ossetian State Medical Institute took place.
In March 1943, by decision of the government, a new set of first-year students was urgently carried out. In 1943, SOGMI returned to his hometown, and in the same year the first accelerated graduation of doctors took place.
The year 1943 was the starting point of the professional biography of a medical university. The teachers and students of the institute inscribed their glorious names in the work of Victory over the enemy. For labor heroism in defense work, 250 people of the teaching staff and students were awarded the medal “For the Defense of the Caucasus.” SOGMI professors and teachers combined the main work at the institute with advisory and medical work in the evacuation hospitals of the city of Ordzhonikidze. They were the initiators of the creation of specialized departments, the authors of a number of original methods of treatment and diagnosis, which were successfully used in hospitals and clinics of the country.
The post-war period brought forward new problems for the institute. The main ones are high-quality (professional) growth in teaching staff and an increase in the level of training of graduates. By this time, the institute had expanded, the clinical departments had a bed capacity that corresponded to a medical university of category IV.
The names of scientists whose scientific and pedagogical authority raised the institute to a qualitatively new stage in the development of medical science in the postwar years are forever inscribed in the history of the institute. Among them are professors B.M. Brin, I.A.Ageenko, K.T. Hovnatanyan, V.Kh. Frauchi, V.E. Robinson, E.S. Babayants. I.M. Lipets, M.N. Bugulov, M.S. Levinson, B.D. Friedman, G.M. Gliner, I.M. Mashkovsky, N.N. Pronina E.Ya. Reznitskaya, Sh.A. Rossin, N.F. Pitenko, S.D. Astrinsky, K.G. Sarkisov, E.F.Chamokova, U.T. Takulov, G.G. Nepryakhin, A.V. Tsagareishvili, I.S. Mgaloblishvili, associate professors N.S. Gurtsiev, P.V. Fetisenko, I.G. Dzilikhov, V.V.Dibizhev, A.A. Ezeev, M.I. Timanovich, I.A. Otaraev, N.A. Gioev, K.K. Popov, M.P. Tsibirov, N.V. Kulova, K.G.Emelyanchik, M.A. Totrov, S.Ya. Joffe. A.M. Poghosyan, M.E. Khaev, A.I. Koroev, Z.N. Dzhanaeva, N.M. Wolfson, B.M. Butaev, and many other scientists whose efforts have largely created the current scientific and pedagogical potential at the institute. Despite the fact that the formation of the North Ossetian Medical Institute coincided with the difficult military and post-war years, the teaching staff did everything possible to lay a firm foundation for the development of medical science in North Ossetia even then. Rather high rates of development of the institute made it possible in the 1950s to create opportunities for training young personnel through residency and postgraduate studies.
A special milestone in the biography of the North Ossetian State Medical Institute was the 60s. Scientists from other cities came to the institute, their scientific and pedagogical staff grew. During this period, scientific and educational work significantly improved. Particular attention was paid to optimizing the educational process, as well as improving the professional training of medical personnel. The great merit in this belonged to the rector of the institute, Maxim Alexandrovich Totrov. Admission to the institute was increased to 400 students, an evening department for 50 people was opened, new departments and courses began to be created, creative contacts were established with central universities and research centers, and the material and technical base of the departments was improved. All this contributed to the rapid growth of scientific and pedagogical personnel, the training of professors. They became A.Kh. Adyrkhaev, M.D. Gatsalov, R.D. Khubetsova, F.F. Ogienko, Z.E. Dzukaev, B.I. Tsorionov, A.Kh. Khoranov, S.D. Dzakhov, K.D. Salbiev, G.K. Bugulov, G.A. Georgiadi, Z.V. Khetagurova, K.K. Merdenov, E.A. Totrova, B.A. Totoonov, V.B. Brin, D.V. Albegova, M.I. Tikhilova, B.G. Mamiev, O.N. Gurtsiev, S.Ya. Plachty. Associate professors became H.P. Dzeranov, N.G. Petrosyan, L.B. Maltseva, S.B. Turgiev, V.A. Reutova.S.Kh. Byazrov, A.I. Shutov, L.M. Totrova, A.M. Kuchiev, K.T. Yesenov, V.S. Popovich, L.A. Kaloeva, L.A. Akoeva, E.A. Dzabaev, K.A.Bitaev.
Scientific studies of scientists throughout the history of the institute have focused on the development of the most relevant and promising areas determined by the conditions of the republic. Problems of prevention, diagnosis and treatment of infectious, parasitic and venereal diseases were one of the most important in scientific research of a medical institute. Scientific and practical activity of associate professors I.A. Otaraeva, 3.I. Kalitina, A.A. Ezeeva, professors K.T. Hovnatanyan, B.A. Totoonova, M.N. Bugulova, A.E.Khaeva, Z.G. Basieva, A.M. Ramonova and others led to a sharp decrease in the incidence of the population of the republic by brucellosis, trichinosis, helminth infections, toxoplasmosis, trachoma, and tuberculosis.
The presence in the republic of mining and metallurgical industries necessitated the development of problems of professional pathology.Professor I.M. made a significant contribution to the development of this scientific field. Mashkovsky, B.M. Brin, N.F. Pitenko, S.R.Dikhtyar, and later Professor V.Kh. Kogan, F.F. Ogienko, Z.E. Dzukaev, L.M. Mosin, G.A. Georgiadi, O.N. Gurtsiev, associate professors S.Ch. Tezieva A.G. Adyrkhaev. At present, the development of this scientific direction is also provided by the research sector of the academy.
One of the first scientific directions since the organization of the medical institute was the study of the physiology and pathology of the endocrine system, pathogenesis, treatment and prevention of endocrine diseases. The beginning of this direction was given by the research of Associate Professor I.G. Dzilikhova and professors E.Ya. Reznitskaya, B.M. Brina, N.N. Pronina. To date, the problems of endocrinology are in the center of attention of scientists of the institute (R.D., Khubetsova, F.S. Dzugkoev, V.B.Brin). Thanks to the work of prof. Z.V. Khetagurova, associate professors V.Kh. Dzobelova, D.A. Ezeeva F.A. Nikolova and others in the republic the incidence of endemic goiter decreased, new methods of treatment and prevention of thyrotoxicosis and diabetes mellitus appeared. The rich nature and unique mineral springs of North Ossetia have identified another important scientific direction of the Institute’s scientists – the problems of balneology.
A significant contribution to the study of the influence of resort factors on the health of the population was made by the work of associate professor A.A. Ezeeva, and later professors N.N. Pronina, I.Kh. Gabanova, E.F. Chamokova. OH. Adyrkhaev, Z.V. Khetagurova, L.M. Mosin, B.A. Totoonova, associate professors H.P. Dzeranova, S.Ya. Ioffe, N.V. Kulovoy, L.B. Maltseva, A.M. Poghosyan and many others.
Significant successes were achieved by scientists of the institute in solving scientific problems on the problems of emergency surgery and traumatology (professors S.D. Dzakhov, C.S. Hutiev, A.Kh. Khoranov, P.K. Bychkov, A.A. .N. Aladzhikov). At the departments of surgery, modern diagnostic and treatment methods are being introduced using the latest equipment, which has resulted in the organization of an endoscopic surgery center (prof. B.3. Totikov).
In 1974, the second pediatric faculty of the North Ossetian State Medical Institute was opened. The training of pediatric staff was dictated by a large shortage of pediatric doctors, who were constantly needed by both North Ossetia and other republics of the North Caucasus, where many specialists were sent after studies. The first dean of this faculty was prof. E.A. Totrova. Even before the opening of the faculty of pediatrics, child health was a leading problem of the institute. A significant contribution to the diagnosis and treatment of childhood diseases was made by professors B.G. Leites, E.F. Chamokov, and after the formation of an independent faculty, these problems were successfully developed by professors D.V. Albegovoy, M.I. Tikhilova, A.M. Ramonova, associate professors Z.I. Bazoev, T.K. Merdenova and S.Kh. Tadeeva. The scientific, medical, advisory and preventive work carried out by the departments of pediatrics has significantly reduced child mortality in the republic.
In 1988, the faculty of advanced medical education was created at the institute. His first dean was Professor Z.G. Basiev. The organization of the faculty gave doctors the opportunity to improve their qualifications and thereby improve the overall quality of medical care for the population.
In 1993, the first admission to the newly opened dental faculty was made. With its discovery, it became possible to train qualified dental personnel in North Ossetia. Today, the faculty has its own powerful clinical base in the form of two multidisciplinary dental clinics equipped with modern equipment and highly qualified faculty.
1995 was a new reference point in the biography of the institute. By order of the State Committee of the Russian Federation for Higher Education No. 286 of February 26, 1995, he received the status of a medical academy. This was an official recognition of the high level of educational, research and medical work of the university.